Tuesday, January 14, 2014

10 Definition of Decision Support Systems ( DSS )

10 Definition of Decision Support Systems ( DSS )
 
The concept of Decision Support Systems ( DSS ) / Decision Support Systems ( DSS ) was first proposed in the early 1970s by Michael S. Scott Morton with the term Management Decision Systems . The system is a computer -based system intended to help decision makers to utilize data and models to solve certain problems that are not terstruktur.Istilah DSS refers to a system that utilizes computer support in the decision-making process . To provide a deeper understanding , will describe 10 definitions of the Decision Support System / Decision Support System developed by some experts .
10 opinions on the definition of decision support systems :1 . Little ( 1970 )Decision support system is a set / set of model-based procedures for processing data and judgments to assist management in decision -making .
2 . Alter (1990 ) makes the definition of a decision support system memabandingkannya with a system of electronic data processing ( EDP ) / traditional Electronic Data Processing in 5 ways:
SPKUsage : ActiveUser ManagementObjective : EffectivenessTime horizon : Present and futurePros : Flexibility
PDEUsage : PassiveUser : Operator / EmployeeObjective : Mechanical EfficiencyTime horizon : The PastPros : Consistency
3 . Keen (1980 )Decision support systems are computer -based systems that are built through a process of adaptive learning , patterns of use and the evolution of the system .
4 . Bonczek (1980 )Decision support system as a computer -based system that consists of components include components of the language system ( language ) , system component knowledge (knowledge ) and component processing system problems ( processing ) which interact with each other .
5 . Hick (1993 )Decision support systems as an integrated set of computer tools that allow a decision maker to interact directly with a computer to create information that is useful in making decisions on semi-structured and unstructured decisions are not anticipated .
6 . Man and WatsonDecision support system is an interactive system , which helps decision-makers through the use of data and decision models to solve problems that are semi- structured or unstructured .
7 . Moore and ChangDecision support systems can be described as a system that is capable of supporting ad hoc analysis of data , and decision modeling , decision -oriented , future -oriented planning , and used in times of unusual .
8 . Bonczek (1980 )Decision support system as a computer -based system that consists of components include components of the language system ( language ) , system component knowledge (knowledge ) and component processing system problems .
9 . Turban & Aronson (1998 )Decision support systems as systems used to support and help the management make decisions in conditions of semi -structured and unstructured . Basically the concept of DSS was limited to activities help managers assess and replace the position and role of the manager .
10 . Raymond McLeod , Jr. . ( 1998)Decision support system is a system that provides the ability for problem solving and communication for issues that are semi - structured .

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